Junction box covered by vermiculite

This question came up during a conversation that I was having with another home inspector during the last ASHI chapter meeting. We know that the covers for electrical boxes need to be accessible, but what if the box is located in an attic? Is it acceptable to bury the box in insulation? I said I'd research this info and get back to him, but I thought this might make for a good, short blog post topic. Also, I happened across a great photo of a junction box buried by vermiculite insulation while looking through old photos for last week's blog post on vermiculite insulation.

As I've mentioned in past blog posts, I hate having to look up anything in the National Electrical Code (NEC). I don't use that book enough to know exactly where to find what I'm looking for, so I rely on other books to tell me where to look. My first go-to book is typically Code Check Electrical, which is extremely well laid out and easy to use. I prefer the pdf version of this book because I can use word searches. A quick check there led me to section 314.29 of the 2014 NEC, which states the following:

314.29 Boxes, Conduit Bodies, and Handhole Enclosures to Be Accessible. Boxes, conduit bodies, and handhole enclosures shall be installed so that the wiring contained in them can be rendered accessible without removing any part of the building or structure or, in underground circuits, without excavating sidewalks, paving, earth, or other substance that is to be used to establish the finished grade.

Electrical Inspection of Existing DwellingsSo that begs the question: is insulation part of the building or structure? Common sense says that insulation is part of the building, so it seems that maybe boxes shouldn't be buried there. Electrical boxes being buried in insulation aren't specifically discussed in the NEC, so I turned to my second book, Electrical Inspections of Existing Dwellings, courtesy of the same folks at Code Check. Not only does this book have a lot of commentary and history of the electrical codes, but it's written for home inspectors. It's a book that every home inspector should have in their library.

This book had the exact reference I was looking for, saying this about electrical boxes:

"They can be buried inside insulation provided it can be removed to access the box. Foamed-in-place insulation should not cover a box."

Perfect. That's exactly what I was looking for. I also contacted the folks at Code Check to ask for further commentary on this matter. They told me to look up the NEC definition of "Accessible (as applied to wiring methods)":

"Capable of being removed or exposed without damaging the building structure or finish or not permanently closed in by the structure or finish of the building."

I'd say that fits the bill quite nicely. Local interpretations may vary.

Author: Reuben SaltzmanStructure Tech Home Inspections

Twitter  Facebook  LinkedIn  YouTube  Google+  RSS Feed

About Reuben Saltzman

Reuben is a second-generation home inspector with a passion for his work. He grew up remodeling homes and learning about carpentry since he was old enough to hold a hammer. Reuben grew up thinking he was going to be a school teacher because he enjoyed teaching others so much. In a sense, that’s a lot of what home inspections are about, so Reuben truly does what he loves. Sharlene has worked with Structure Tech since 2000 and Reuben has been contributing to her blog since 2008.

Related Posts

Plumbing Vents, Why Houses Need Them (forget the soda bottle analogy)

Plumbing vents prevent traps from being siphoned. The common, improper analogy is to talk about dumping a soda bottle upside down. This analogy doesn’t hold water because the top side of every plumbing fixture is wide open.

Read More

Improper Shingle Nailing = Defective Installation

The manufacturers of asphalt shingles give specific instructions on how to fasten shingles, and they’re all pretty much the same. Unfortunately, following those instructions seems to be a difficult thing to do for a lot of roofers in Minnesota. The two most common nailing defects that I find with shingles are overdriven nails and improperly located nails.

Read More

Are sewer inspections intrusive? No.

This week’s question comes from a real estate agent: “Are sewer inspections intrusive? Does the seller need to give special permission if you’re going to do a sewer inspection at the same time as the home inspection? Do you have to notify the seller first?” The answers, respectively, are no, no, and no. Assuming a home.

Read More